Items filtered by date: March 2022

Tuesday, 29 March 2022 00:00

What Causes a Toenail Infection?

Onychomycosis is the medical term for a fungal nail infection. Onychomycosis can occur in both fingernails and toenails; however, it occurs more commonly in toenails. This infection can cause your toenails to become discolored, hardened, brittle, crumbled, thickened, and distorted. In some cases, the infection can even spread to the surrounding skin making it red, cracked, swollen or itchy. The fungal organisms that cause onychomycosis love warm, moist, and dark places, which is why it is wise to keep your feet clean and dry. You should never share personal items like towels, shoes, or nail clippers, and avoid going barefoot in locker rooms, communal showers, and public pool areas. Also, if you get your nails done in a salon, make sure they sterilize their equipment properly. Toenail infections can be difficult to treat at home since they can get deep into the layers of the nail, or even underneath the nail. A podiatrist can offer a variety of professional treatments for toenail infections, including prescription topical and oral medicines, laser therapy, or even debridement.

For more information about treatment, contact Devin Bland, DPM of Prestige Medical Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.

Antifungals & Deterrence

Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.

Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Phoenix, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 22 March 2022 00:00

Why Are My Feet Changing Color?

If you have noticed that your feet or toes turn white, and then change to blue or red and become painful, you may have a condition known as Raynaud’s phenomenon. It is usually caused by a change in temperature, but it can also be caused by stress.  It is common in young people, and it affects more women than men. If symptoms start over the age of 40, it may indicate other underlying conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, auto-immune disease, or poor blood circulation. You may also experience symptoms such as pain, pins and needles, swelling, and stiffness in the joints that can last as little as a few minutes or as long as a few hours. Common precautions that may be taken include keeping your feet warm during cold weather, as well as avoiding smoking and caffeinated beverages, which both decrease circulation. If Raynaud's symptoms worsen enough to interfere with your daily life, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a full exam and options for other treatments.

Poor circulation is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact Devin Bland, DPM of Prestige Medical Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is can be caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. This can restrict the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development. It can also cause:

  • Muscle pain, stiffness, or weakness   
  • Numbness or cramping in the legs 
  • Skin discoloration
  • Slower nail & hair growth
  • Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, as are those who are over 50. If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Phoenix, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Friday, 18 March 2022 00:00

Plantar Warts Can Be Treated!

Plantar warts are small growths that develop on parts of the feet that bear weight. They're typically found on the bottom of the foot. Don't live with plantar warts, and call us today!

Tuesday, 15 March 2022 00:00

Your Feet are the Body’s Workhorse

The main job of the many bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons of the foot is to get you where you want to go. When you take a step, and most of us do this without really thinking about it, the heel touches the ground and absorbs some of the force. The muscles in the sole of the foot then give way, and the band of tissue beneath (plantar fascia) stretches out. Next, your weight shifts to the ball of the foot, and finally the toes push off the surface. Your weight is now fully on the foot, and you start the process again with the other foot. You can do several things to keep your feet operating as they should: A) Wear shoes that fit properly, have plenty of room in the toe box, and have low heels; B) Maintain a healthy body weight; and C) go for walks regularly to keep the foot muscles strong and flexible. If you experience any problems walking, it’s a good idea to see a podiatrist for a thorough examination.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Devin Bland, DPM from Prestige Medical Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Phoenix, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 08 March 2022 00:00

Understanding the Severity of Turf Toe

Turf toe is an injury that is common in athletes who play sports, such as baseball, football, or soccer, on artificial turf. Turf toe happens when an extreme force causes the big toe to be hyperextended (or bent) too far towards the top of the foot. This usually results in the base of the big toe tending to become bruised. Turf toe is very painful, and overtime, the toe that is affected will stiffen and be more prone to developing arthritis. Because the big toe joint has limited mobility, developing turf toe again is a possibility, and not allowing the injury enough time to heal can cause the injury to become chronic. Because turf toe can be such a debilitating injury, athletes or patients who believe that they have developed it should consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.  

Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact Devin Bland, DPM of Prestige Medical Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Phoenix, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 01 March 2022 00:00

Why Are My Feet Tingling?

Peripheral neuropathy causes damage to the nerves outside of the spinal cord and brain, which can result in a host of symptoms, starting in the feet. You may have peripheral neuropathy if you feel tingling or pins and needles in your feet. You may also experience stabbing, shooting, or burning pain in your feet, which tends to be worse in the evening. Your feet may feel numb, weak, or “dead.” They may even be so sensitive that the bed sheets brushing against your feet causes pain. You may have difficulty sensing temperature in your feet, or you may get the sensation of wearing socks even if you are barefoot. In some cases, you may develop ulcers (open wounds) on your feet or legs. While there is no cure for nerve damage, you can help prevent the condition from worsening by keeping blood glucose levels in target range. A podiatrist can also help you keep your feet and legs as healthy as possible and help manage the pain and discomfort caused by peripheral neuropathy.

Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with Devin Bland, DPM from Prestige Medical Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.

Symptoms

Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Claudication (leg pain from walking)
  • Numbness in legs
  • Decrease in growth of leg hair and toenails
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sores and wounds on legs and feet that won’t heal
  • Coldness in one leg

It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.

Diagnosis

While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.

Treatment

Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Phoenix, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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